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Denim Fabrics – properties and types
Type of denim, construction, and washing | List of Denim finishes
Denim is a strong, durable fabric constructed in a twill weave with indigo and white yarns. The blue/indigo yarns are the lengthwise or “warp”
threads (parallel to the selvage). The white yarns run across the fabric width (the weft threads). Denim is traditionally woven with 100%-cotton yarn;
however, today it’s blended with polyester,
to control shrinkage and wrinkles, and Lycra to
add stretch. Today, denim has many faces.
It can be printed, striped, brushed, napped and stonewashed, and the indigo
Different Types of Denim
Indigo denim is achieved by dying the warp threads with indigo dye and
white threads are used as the weft. As a result, most blue jeans are blue on the right side, as the fabric is warp facing, and the interior is lighter blue, almost white.
Stretch denim weaves spandex or another elastic component to give the fabric some added give and flexibility. Stretch denim is often used for skinny jeans.
This type of denim has been treated so that it has a wrinkled look.
This denim is treated with chlorine and a pumice stone to create a marbled look.
Raw or dry denim is fabric is that is not washed after it is dyed. This creates a rougher and stiffer texture.
This is denim that is treated so that it doesn’t shrink in the wash. This applies to almost all kinds of denim except for raw denim